the use of the multimedia and computers

to enhance their English ability

DEVELOPING  WORLDWIDE  EDUCATIONAL NETWORK

              Makoto Kageto     

Nihon Fukushi University  

makoto@kageto.jp

http://www.kageto.jp

tel +81-90-8470-6274 fax +81-569-87-2408

Zip 470-3295  Nihon Fukushi University


ABSTRACT

 

The development of the Internet, the multimedia and English as an international language is changing the way to communicate with people at home and overseas.  In this paper, I will focus on:

  / English as a second language for students in Asian

  / how they learn to use the communicative English

  / the use of the multimedia and computers to enhance their English ability

  / what kind of multimedia functions via the Internet are desirable for them

  / basics for international collaboration projects

 

English divide is a big communication barrier for non-native speakers of English, or people in Asia. To narrow down the divide or to be “barrier free” we need to use the Internet and multimedia.  In this presentation I will show you how secondary school and college students in Asia have used them successfully for their international collaboration projects.


1.  International Exchange Projects via the Internet, Multimedia and English

The Internet, computer skills and English are indispensable communication tools for the survival and prosperity of young people in the world.  This is why we have been holding WYM (World Youth Meeting) and ASEP (Asian Schools Exchange Project).  In these activities the participants get good opportunities to meet and become friends with people from all over the world.  They use the communication tools mentioned above to exchange information, ideas, opinions and feelings cross-and-inter-culturally.


2. WYM

 

2.1 AIMS of WYM

    The students use the communication tools; the Internet, multimedia and English.

    They students learn that they can overcome the wall of English as they use the other communication tools.

    To create settings where the students use English as a communication tool in their daily life.

    To change the role of English from the means of academic evaluation to a very effective communication tool.

    To develop the students’ sense of global community and their multicultural understanding.

    To give the students good chances to see the world through their own direct exchanges with students in other countries, not merely through mass media information on political and economic affairs.

    To help the students learn the Internet skills needed in the coming age of information technology.

    The students have good viewpoints and outlook for their self-education and lifelong learning.

    The students have better understanding of the cultures and societies of their country Japan and other countries.

    The students understand that, in this global society, they need to establish their identity as well as a well-balanced world view.

    The students enhance their abilities to learn from other people, cultures and societies.

 

 

 

 

2.2 History of WYM

 

Time

In Japan

Overseas

 

1995

The second year of the participation in the 100-School Networking Project.

Some presentations in Japan

 

Visiting Nepal and Korea.

Preparation for “Asia High Schools Internet Project”

 

1996

The 1st “Asian High Schools Internet Project”.

Inviting Nepal students.

Symposium; Educational RevolutionFukuoka

Presentation by Dr. Chen from Taiwan.

 

Visiting Nepal.

Visiting Korea twice.

Getting help by Chuo Nippo Press in Korea.

Preparation for the next project.

 

1997

The 2nd “Asian High Schools Internet Project” held in Hiroshima, Osaka and other cities with students from Korea, Thai, and Nepal.

International conference in Osaka.

Speech by Ms. Sylvia Li from Kaohsiung Girls High School, Taiwan,

Presentation at INET’97.

Presentation at APNG..

 

1998

The 3rd “Asian Schools Exchange Project” in Kyotanabe City and Nagoya Seiryo Commercial High School with  students from Germany, Hawaii, Thai, Korea and Taiwan.

Speech at Korea School Net International Conference.

CEC International Symposium in Tokyo.

Visiting Holland, Denmark,

and France

Presentation at European

Schools Project in

Copenhagen.

Meeting Dr. Chen and Ms. Li at APRICOT Manila Conference.

1999

The 1st “World Youth Meeting” with  students from Papua New Guinea, Germany, Australia, Korea, Taiwan, and Zimbabwe

 

Visiting Europe, esp. Italy

and Germany

The 4th “Asian Schools Exchange Project” in Seoul.

2000

In May, Asia Session coordination with Taiwan and Korea participants at  “Pre-Summit Internet Educational Symposium in Okinawa 2000”

The 2nd “World Youth Meeting” with students from Germany, US, Korea, Taiwan, and Zimbabwe.

Presentation at INET’99. APNG Seoul Conference.

The 5th “Asian Schools Exchange Project” in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

2001

The 3rd “World Youth Meeting”

The 6th “Asian Schools Exchange Project” in

Kaohsiung, Taiwan

2002

The 4th “World Youth Meeting”

The 7th “Asian Schools Exchange project” in

Kaohsiung, Taiwan

 

2. 3 WYM Started in 1999 and now going on.

 WYM’s are held every year. The annual events are educationally very effective.  Especially the participating students learn to give presentations of very interesting topics with power point files and in English.

 

The projects are implemented under the following basic procedure.

Communication through the Internet and Multimedia

The students share questionnaires in regarding to the theme of WYM each year. In order to reduce the English divide, they send their photos and 5-6 lines of comments in English by e-mail to know each other. Photos taken by digital camera work very effectively to break the communication wall of English.

Sample English Generator System

To help the students to send e-mails in English, we have developed ‘the Sample English Generator System’ with which they can find useful English sample sentences. If they put some key words in the web page, they can get several English sentences they need from the system. For example, when you put a key word “greetings”, there appear several sentences for greeting.  There are over 5,000 sentences available in this system.

 

Category:
First mail

First reply

Samples
I am very excited to send this email to you.

When delay in reply


I am afraid to make mistakes in English.

Self-introduction

Complimentary


I am not so good at English, but I want to exchange emails with you.

 

    Face to Face Collaboration

Communication via the Internet makes the students feel close to each other with e-mail exchanges, pictures on the web, motion self-introduction files, and a lot of other data shared.

After coming to Japan for WYM, international students make joint presentations with their Japanese friends. Under their own topics they give their joint presentations as their international collaborative products.  In the preparation for the presentations they can use Sample English Generator System.

This system works as follows.

1. Put a key word and find suitable sentences.

For example, if you put a world ”chart”, you will get several simple English sentences;

*The bar chart shows the characteristics of the participants in the World Youth Meeting last summer.

*This bar chart tells us that people are concerned most about international exchanges.

*You can find in this chart that teamwork is the most important.

*Pay most attention to Number 3 in this chart.

*What matters most in this chart is the change between 1999 and 2000.

*This chart tells us about the Internet use in Japan.

*This song is ranked high on the chart in Japan.

*If you compare the two charts, you can see the following two items.

 

 

 

 

Sample file by H.S students in their joint presentation

 

 

 

    More Communication through the Internet

After the event the participants share their products for feedback.  They put pictures of their activities onto the web and show their power point presentation files in their English classes or in other subject classes in each country.

 

    The Internet Use for Communication

Mailing List・・・one for the teachers and the other for the students.

Web Pages・・・ for self-introduction, school introduction, and sharing information of in-process products for presentation files.

Real Time Communication Tool・・・Developing motivation for further learning in the future.

 

Participants from Overseas・・・ Papua New Guinea, Germany, Australia, Korea, Taiwan, US, Finland, US, England, Turkey, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, etc.

 

Theme

1999 “Do you know my country?”

2000 ”Misconception to understanding”

2001 “English learning supported by the Internet”

2002  Communication with the Internet”

 

   Joint presentation between Korea and Japan at WYM2002, Nagoya, Japan

2.4 The Future of WYM

In Japan information technology education begins at school in 2003. A new subject called "Joho (information, communication and technology)" will be introduced at high schools as a required subject. This change shows the government's big concern for the new information technology age.
    Another new subject called "Sougoutekina Gakushuu no Jikan (the classes for integrated studies)" is also introduced into primary schools, junior and senior high schools to stimulate the students' spontaneous and autonomous activities.

In Japan by the year 2005 in Japan all regular classrooms will be installed with two

computers, one video projector, and the Internet, along with the budgetary support from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT).
    More and more teachers around the world use the Internet and multimedia for their teaching, and in the classrooms collaborative activities will become more popular.
    I believe that these backgrounds will make "World Youth Meeting" more meaningful and important.

3. ASEP (Asian Schools Exchange Project)

Started in 1996 and now going on

 

――Collaboration with University Students, New Internet, New English Education――

This is an ASEP meeting in 2001 held by two organizations: AJET (Advanced Joint English Teaching) in Taiwan and World Youth Meeting Steering Committee in Japan.

 

Theme: Changes after Internet communication, Annual events

 

Process of the Exchange

 Exchanges through the Internet――Face to face collaboration (reception, home stay, Christmas party)――More exchanges through the Internet―Further activities for the following year

 

Internet Functions Utilized

Mailing list・・one for the teachers and the other for the students.

Web Pages

Real Time Communication tool

 

 

Students’ Presentations

  The following is comments by one of the participating teachers.

 “The students did the most excellent jobs I’d ever seen. Their English was very good and their presentations were structured very well.  Also their presentations were a wonderful combination of computer technology and physical performance. Presentations tend to be boring, but their presentations made me feel like watching them again and again.”

 

Communication Among Students

The Taiwanese and Japanese students were mixed up in small groups for their activities. Their communication was mostly done in English, but writing and showing Chinese characters also helped their communication.  Having more than one communication tool helped the students participate actively.


References

Makoto Kageto (2002)  Effective Internet Skills for k-12 Teachers. : Author

http://direct.ips.co.jp/book/Template/Goods/go_BookstempGR.cfm?GM_ID=7009&HN_NO=00400&SPM_ID=1

Makoto Kageto & Hiroyuki Watanabe (2001). English/Japanese Presentation: Coauthor

http://www.kageto.jp/book3/

Makoto Kageto(2000). How to Use the Internet in Classrooms  :Author

http://www.kageto.jp/book/

 

Makoto Kageto (2001). Internet Basic Skills  : Author

http://www.kageto.jp/ip/

World Youth Meeting Web Site
http://www.japannet.gr.jp/w2002/

http://www.japannet.gr.jp/w2001/

http://www.japannet.gr.jp/w2000/

http://www.japannet.gr.jp/nic/

Asian Schools Exchage Web Site.

http://www.kageto.jp/tw01/

http://www.japannet.gr.jp/w2000/tw/pro/

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Makoto Kageto is an associate professor and full-time faculty member at Nihon Fukushi  University, Nagoya, JAPAN.  His area of expertise is Internet Use in the Field of Cross- cultural Understanding and Communication with Language and Technology.

Member of MEXT Internet Steering Committee

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